British Columbia’s wilderness is a real work of nature.   It is made up of mountain ranges that divide the province into a number of valleys and a large central plateau.  Mountain ranges that make up the majority of the northern landscape are the result of volcanic fires that folded and were then raised below the earth’s surface.  Heavily forested valleys were carved out by glaciers that at one time covered most of the province.

B.C’s natural precious environment consists of forests, grasslands, meadows, wetlands, rivers and inter-tidal and sub-tidal zones.  As a result, BC houses the greatest range of plants and mammals of any Canadian province.

A lot of northern BC is preserved and protected by various provincial parks and nature reserves.  For the adventurous nature-loving traveller, Northern BC offers turquoise-coloured glacier lakes, alpine meadows, hot springs, volcanic cinder cones and even a miniature Grand Canyon!

Ten Interesting, Unique Features of Northern BC

Prince Rupert’s harbor is the third-deepest natural harbor in the world, behind just Buenos Aires, Argentina and Sydney, Australia.
Canada’s smallest official railway is the 2km Fort George Railway in Prince George.
BC’s highest point is Fairweather Mountain at 4,633 meters (15,196 feet) on the BC/Alaska border in the Coast Mountains.
Prince Rupert has the highest average annual precipitation of any city in Canada – 2,552 mm (8.5 feet).
In Northern BC, excluding Prince George, there is an average of 1.8 people per square kilometer, making it one of the least densely populated areas in the world south of the 60th parallel.
The world’s longest unlogged coastal temperate rainforest is the 4,050 square kilometre (1,620 square mile) Kitlope Valley, now a heritage conservancy.
Langara Island, on the northern Haida Gwaii (Queen Charlotte Islands), holds BC’s record for rainy weather – 300 wet days in 1939.
BC’s coldest day was in Smith River, just south of the BC/Yukon border.  On Jan. 31, 1947, the mercury plunged to a frigid –58.9°C (-74°F).
BC’s windiest place is Cape St. James, at the southern tip of Haida Gwaii.  The wind blows there 99 per cent of the time.  On average, a gale gusts through Cape St. James every three days.
The longest continuously occupied non-native settlement in BC is McLeod Lake, established in 1805.

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